For example, look what LegionSB said below. AI developers prefer Python over Java because of its simplicity, ease of use, and accessibility. Both are incredible performing in their own way and implementing the unique purposes. When comparing Python vs Rust, ... Python has an active and helpful community, such as the comp.lang.python Google Groups, StackOverflow, reddit, etc. The main difference: dynamically typed Python vs statically-typed Java Java is a statically typed, while Python is dynamically typed. Python Pros. What programmers do spend a lot of time doing is debugging, and any time you spend in the debugger, adding print statements or using the REPL is time you didn't spend writing features. Python is popular for scripting and tooling. Java vs. Python. The other main advantage that Java has is that it has a pretty robust ecosystem -- there's a huge number of different Java libraries available, and there are a bunch of other languages that run on the JVM and can interoperate with Java. this is true, its the general concepts of programming that you can carry over from language to language, i found. Since Python is slower, Node.JS wins in the case of speed and performance. Most importantly, to me, is that Java replaced C++ as the language used in the AP exam (an exam that can give you college credit for programming in the US). Combine this with the fact that users are significantly more likely to have the JVM installed than python (due to the initial advertising blitz), and it's easier to distribute software written in Java than python. The most common way of learning is to start with easy things and then move on to harder things. Trust me on this one. Cookies help us deliver our Services. Java requires a lot of boilerplate code to get anything working, and that can be daunting and distracting to an absolute newbie. The ideas are clearly illustrated in one line, which will work by itself on the Python console or in a file. Python, on the other hand, I was able to come to grips with pretty quickly. There's much better (but still not great) evidence that ML-esque type systems are beneficial. This is true whether they answer R or Python. Now, I feel like I have a fair command of the language. Good on you. Fun, functional, nothing like Java at all. This, I think, is one of the main selling points of Java -- it's commonly claimed that Java has a library for almost anything you might want to do. This makes it much easier to catch bugs + write large programs + prove correctness in your code. It is a general-purpose language, which answers the question is Python front-end or back-end. Blog - Latest News. : A lot of statistical modeling research is conducted in R, so there's a wider variety of model types to choose from. The following would be a drawn comparison between the two and the comparison would be on the following factors- One of the heated debates of these times is that which programming language is superior Java or Python. New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast, More posts from the learnprogramming community. Is it worth learning python's ooo functionality since python has shorter syntax? It doesn’t guarantee if one of the languages will be faster than the other. The syntax is easy so you can focus on understanding the basic programming concepts and learn about other CS topics to give you the bigger picture. But I really like the confidence students have when they learn in python first. I'm 6 months into "learning programming", and Python is the best to learn especially if you're like me and have zero knowledge of CS in general. Java is frequently used in high school advanced courses, so the transition to Java in college is a natural one for students. I've previously talked about what I think are the strengths and weaknesses of Java here and here, but to summarize, I think Java has a tendency to be more verbose then it needs to be + is burdened with a number of flaws it can't fix because it wants to maintain backwards compatibility (examples: type erasure, checked exceptions, etc...). It’s also used heavily in web development sites like Reddit are build using Python and machine learning, and data science makes Python even more useful. It is better? A number of universities, however, have switched to Python from Java, and others offer both — Java for computer science students and Python to teach programming skills for noncomputer science majors. Python is an Interpreted − Python that is processed at runtime by the interpreter.Before you run it you don’t have to compile your program. Python: It has its routes set way before Java, Python was thought up in the late 1980s by Guido Van Rossum in the Netherlands as an heir to ABC language. A lot of Java's ubiquitousness is due inertia from its highly publicized start. Didn't feel like C++ at all.My third was Objective-C, got a job with it, was scared by it. In fact, studies haven't found a benefit to Java's type system when compared to a dynamic Java-like language. 2. That's a bit subjective. But by then you will be in a different situation and have to decide then which language feels best to learn. A subreddit for all questions related to programming in any language. Bad news. I don't know how to do ooo in Python so I can't use it for design questions. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. Studies on type systems to not strongly support the notion that Java-esque type systems prevent a significant number of bugs, reduce development or debugging time - some studies show a minor benefit, and others show the opposite. Don't use shared mutable state. Java vs Python is essentially a matter of tradeoffs. Python is single-flow, unlike Node.JS, and requests are more slowly processed. I'd recommend Python, but that's just my opinion. They have likenesses, as the two of them receive the “ev e rything is an article” structure, have extraordinary cross-stage backing and utilize permanent strings and profound standard libraries. Comparing Java and Python is like comparing earth-moving machinery and sports car. Wow, I had no idea, thanks for the insight. Static typing can be an advantage, though - bug rates in statically typed functional languages are lower on average than in dynamically typed functional languages, and lower than in languages like Java. if you want to work with data and are looking to do a lot of data processing then learn Python, its the language of Science. Not just fanfare, but a lot of advertising aimed at managers. Anecdotally, this jives with my experience. This is often kind of like PERL and PHP. Java's ~25x faster than python in the benchmark games, studies haven't found a benefit to Java's type system when compared to a dynamic Java-like language, bug rates in statically typed functional languages are lower on average than in dynamically typed functional languages, and lower than in languages like Java. The Python vs Java debate has been ongoing for years. Coming to C++ with Java experience, was so much easier to debug in Java. I think you might be getting the wrong idea here - Python is definitely worthwhile to know, and has its own strengths over Java. Now that's some real advice there. Python maybe has a minor advantage over Java as a first language simply because there's a lower barrier to entry. I'm not sure Java is older than Python. While some people have mentioned static typing as being an advantage for Java, this isn't really the case. Python can compile even if they contain errors that would prevent the script from running properly. Generally I prefer to begin with Python as long as we don't stop there. Programmers spend a remarkably small amount of time typing. It's very verbose.Between first job and job now, I learned JavaScript. Also, high schools began teaching Java (which made sense because of the AP exam). When it's at work and I have to maintain old projects, or when I want the static typing. Java vs. Python typing Python and Java are both object-oriented languages, but Java uses static types, while Python is dynamic. Java vs Python is essentially a matter of tradeoffs. Java and Python also use very different threading models. Language choice is overrated, especially for learning. Python is Interactive − you’ll truly sit at a Python prompt and act with the interpreter to write your programs. Java does this so much better than Python that it's like night and day: Your code is statically analysed and compiled so you identify bugs before runtime. So I went and learnt Python. So why do people use Java? Later, when you have learned some programming I recommend learning more languages. Stacktraces are the wrong time to find out you made a typo. I would pick Java, because it will be easier to transition to C# should you chose to. In Python we only use open() built-in function. Java also has a number of other benefits that makes it nice to use on an enterprise scale. Generally these answers are provided by the most hated people in the IT community, yes, non-IT people hate this type of person. You can learn about these topics in Introduction to Deep Learning in Keras and Introduction to Deep Learning in PyTorch. Or even more better, look at what hugthemachines has to say. However, when it comes to statistical modeling, Java is not considered to be the best choice. Depends on the game. That said, Java does have some advantages over Python: Compile once, run anywhere. So why do people use Java? In particular, Java is fast -- because Python is a high-level and dynamic language, it's harder for the Python interpreter to figure out how to optimize Python (in contrast, Java is statically typed/restricts the number of weird stuff you can do in a dynamic language). The sheer verbosity of Java was maddening, and the naming conventions made it very difficult to tell which parts were refering to what. Installing Python can be a difficult proposition. Speed - Java's ~25x faster than python in the benchmark games. They were invented roughly the same time. Having said this, once you understand the algorithm, you do have to translate it into a specific syntax, and if this syntax is inconsistent or complicated, the process becomes that much harder. There's no right answer, try the sidebar. Yoe 1.5 Tc 125 Hence, Python is not a better option for applications that give priority to performance and speed or engage many complex calculations. While Python can be fast, it'll usually take more work to get speeds comparable to Java or C programs. In terms of concurrency, Java beats Python. When you are learning how command-line input works, for example, I really want you to understand that all input first implies some kind of output, that input is normally a function that returns a result, and that the response of an input is normally stored in a variable. So that's why you see so many college courses teaching Java. Agree with this so much. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. The Python GIL, or Global Interpreter Lock, means that, unlike Java, Python is effectively single-threaded—it can only run on a single CPU core at a time. Press J to jump to the feed. All it takes is a little desire to simply want to help someone who is asking those who know more for than they do. On the job front, you might use Java more; but I can tell you from personal experience that I've worked for clients that wanted things written in Python, Java, Ruby, even Tcl one time! I am struggling to see its advantages over Python. It is usually hard to go to languages like Java after doing Python whereas the leap from Java to Python is rather comfortable. Python abstracts core concepts from … For example: In Java to read a file you need to use 8 keywords, 1 library and 2 methods. If it is a large(r) game, you need a language to prototype and tune. Concurrency/Parallelism - Python can only use a single CPU core due to the GIL, but Java doesn't have this restriction. Studies on type systems to not strongly support the notion that Java-esque type systems prevent a significant number of bugs, reduce development or debugging time - some studies show a minor benefit, and others show the opposite. It really isn't. due to the fact that Java is older than Python? Seconded if you're starting out. I tried Java as a first language, and found it very difficult to understand. Jesteś tu: Home / pypy vs cpython reddit pypy vs cpython reddit 18 grudnia 2020 / in Bez kategorii / by / in Bez kategorii / by I am struggling to see its advantages over Python. I didn't feel like it was a very "fundamental software engineering" language though.I'm trying to learn fundamental CS so I can go to graduate school in a couple of years: friend who works in research said, "Suck it up and learn C. Almost every language you learn now, has its roots from C. Learn C."So I'm learning C.For you, I would say learn Java or C+/+. Most important is to just pick one and get started. It’s outdate… It certainly is a lot more verbose (as you have observed), but probably runs faster than Python. Or when I want a language with far better multithreading/multiprocessing abilities built in, or a better GUI library built in, or better data structures in its default libraries. Python, C++, and Java are all multi-paradigm programming languages. However, Python’s popularity has grown at an impressive rate in recent years. Contrast this with other languages, such as Java, where documentation often contains a dry enumeration of … Python and Java are both incredibly versatile and productive programming languages, but one major difference is that Java uses static types, while Python is dynamic. New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast, More posts from the learnprogramming community. I already know the basics of java and python. Most important is to just pick one and get started. The vast majority of people who answer this question will do so out of bias, not fact. Most people still end up going for Java, mostly due to the strength of its ecosystem + because it has a solid track record of scaling well, but if you're really interested in exploring this idea of taking advantage of a strict type system + being able to rely on the compiler to catch your errors, I'd recommend you try exploring either C#, which is like a nicer/more elegant version of Java, or a functional language like F# or Haskell, which takes the idea of typing to its logical extreme. GitHub’s latest Octoverse report saw Python surpass Java in its “Top languages” list. It's true at some level that the language doesn't matter much, because the hardest thing to learn isn't the language terms and syntax; it's algorithmic thinking. You don't get to make up words and expect it to understand you - compiler warnings and errors save you from several classes of bugs. Researchers assert that if you’re planning to build your application from the ground level, it’s good to choose Java as your programming language. The first noticeable difference in the discussion of Python VS JavaScript is that Python is an object-oriented, high-level programming language. YMMV. People found C++ to be a difficult language to master, and Java simplified many aspects of C++ (single inheritance, garbage collection, etc). I've been learning how to program in Python lately -- been spending time trying to make a simple text-based game that runs in command prompt. Is it just inertia due to the fact that Java is older than Python? Java, on the other hand, is often restrictive in ways Python isn't -- it's statically typed, which means that many of the kinds of errors you might miss in Python are going to be caught at compile time instead of runtime. Python. If you’re on OS X, there’s an existing system version of Python that came installed on your computer. Python is a very expressive language, but without enough discipline, you can end up abusing the features that make Python expressive and end up writing a pile of spaghetti. Static, well defined types are a shared dialect with the computer. Let’s look at two code examples. But if you start with Python, then moving to C#/Java will be harder. Is it just inertia due to the fact that Java is older than Python? I don't think any of these languages have as robust of an ecosystem compared to Java or Python, and functional languages like F# or Haskell are still a little too alien to the average developer to become mainstream, but I do think they're much more expressive and elegant then Java is. Degree required it.My second was C#, published a game using it. Java is excellent when it comes to scaling applications, which makes it the best choice for building large and more complex ML and AI applications. learn python first up until OOP, then switch to C. If your looking to work in industry with servers go with Java, its the language of business. He was later known to be as the creator of the high-level programming language called Python and in the year 1991, it was released. If you want fast money learn JavaScript/CSS/HTML 5. Python maybe has a minor advantage over Java as a first language simply because there's a lower barrier to entry. The development time of the Java Virtual machine (which is a great environment for custom tools) is very responsive and quick. Java vs. Python: Which should you choose? It runs well on Windows (native or WSL), OS X, and Linux, and can be found on a variety of shared hosting sites around the world, usually for a minimal fee. I guess my point is that if you're just learning don't worry so much about which language you're doing the learning in - once you have a little more experience swapping between languages will become second nature anyways. I was a young, eager programmer. The Global Interpreter Lock alone makes Python pretty unsuitable for large scale applications. (That said, Python also has a pretty robust ecosystem, so isn't really worse then Java on this front). See, they're helpful, and now you can too be. It really doesn't take that much heavy lifting to read into what the OP is asking. Either should be fine. I agree with u. Python has a lot to offer Java developers, and the languages are interesting both in their similarities and their differences. Differences Between Python and JavaScript Python is an interpreted high-level programming language with dynamic semantics and object-oriented programming designed to be easy to read and implement. I decided that, for me, I wanted to continue with Python so I could help solve real problems and not JS which I view as an important language to learn IN ORDER to communicate the solutions of others. Both will be very suitable for teaching programming. My first was MATLAB. A subreddit for all questions related to programming in any language. Try to follow the principle of least surprise, even if it means breaking your code up into smaller parts with more specific purposes - Java makes it much harder to do the wrong thing and shoot yourself in the face. C++ is not just for games, just as a Python is not just for scripting, and Java is not just for high-performance web servers. Code written in C++ has to be re-compiled for every platform it’s deployed on, making it harder to write truly adaptive applications. If you’re building a small application by yourself, PHP has three simple advantages. More importantly, in my own way, it seems JS is a presentation programming language and python is more of an actual problem solving language. This comparison on Java vs Python will provide you with a crisp knowledge about both the programming languages and help you find out which one fits your goal better.Java and Python are two of the hottest programming languages in the market right now because of their versatility, efficiency, and automation capabilities. Installation is a breeze. Public fields might as well be global variables - and Python has no good encapsulation or privacy mechanic. 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A different situation and have to maintain old projects, or when I want the typing!